Vessel Traffic Systems


As the density of Maritime Traffic continues to increase, as the types and purpose of Maritime Vessels becomes ever more diverse, as the threat to environmental resources gains increasing popular and political emphasis and as threats to maritime sovereignty and international maritime safety increase, so does the need to know what ships are operating in specific areas, where those ships have been, where they are going, what they are doing and what they are carrying.

 

Vessel Tracking and Management Systems (VTS) are the tools that national authorities, port owners and shipping owners are turning to assist them in developing and managing the Maritime Picture in their regions of interest.


What makes up a VTS?  A VTS typically will consist of a suite of sensors systems, a command and control software suite that provides tools by which operators develop and manage the maritime picture, a display system and a communications capability.

 

The main goal of a VTS is to detect, identify, and track vessel traffic that takes place in ports, channels, or coastal areas where the vessels require some kind of assistance while transiting or loading/unloading. 


 

The main components that make up a VTS are sensors such as:

 

• Radar


• Automatic Identification Systems (AIS)
 

• CCTV
 

Based on the needs of the maritime authorities, the VTS can also include a meteorological station and/or other radio communications equipment.